Acne and Acne Scarring

Acne is a skin condition that typically appears on the face, neck, shoulders, chest and back as small or large clusters of pimples. These areas of the body produce rich amounts of oil from the sebaceous glands. The acne, or pimples, occur when the hair follicles become clogged with excess oil and dead skin cells. The most common causes of acne are excess oil production, dead skin cells, clogged pores and bacteria among others.

We use laser phototherapy to heat the epidermal and dermal skin layers to target the primary cause of the acne. This treatment also slows oil production from the sebaceous glands. Our treatment also targets surface acne scars and improve the condition of the skin by encouraging healing and new cell development. Laser phototherapy leaves the skin looking and feeling smoother. This is an ideal treatment for both acne and rosacea.

Treatment of acne and acne scars can require a single or multi-faceted treatment process. We customize the best treatment process for you during your consultation with us. Some of the best treatments for acne include:

IPL & Laser

This is a quick acting and painless treatment that guarantees dramatic results. The results are also long lasting.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels exfoliate pores and follicles where the dead cells have accumulated. It is best for controlling oil secretion and removing blackheads and whiteheads. Chemical peels can be administered at different levels of chemical depending on the nature and severity of the acne itself.

Medication

After evaluating the severity of the acne problem we prescribe either oral or topical medications that will work best. These must be prescribed by a medical professional to ensure the best medication is given for the nature and severity of the acne problem. Medication treatments must be followed for the best results and are often administered in conjunction with another form of treatment.

Treating Acne Scars

If acne itself has not been reduced and a sufferer has had the condition for a long time, scars form over the affected areas. Acne scars are rated as some of the hardest types of scars to treat and treatment requires a life time of dedication. Each patient’s acne scarring has a different cause and each patient responds to treatment differently which is why we evaluate and design a customized treatment plan. We give patients a thorough consultation where we evaluate the severity of the acne scars and recommend the best course of treatment to follow up with.

The most common types of acne scars can be graded according to Goodman and Baron’s qualitative acne scar grading system. This assists in finding the best course of treatment. the types of acne scars include:

  • Macular scars are typically erythematous, hyperpigmented (darker) or hypopigmented (paler). They have little to no texture.
  • Mild atrophic or hypertrophic scars are thin or thick respectively. These may not be too visible from distances greater than 50cm and can be covered with makeup or beard hair.
  • Moderate atrophic or hypertrophic scars are more visible from distances greater than 50cm and are harder to cover with makeup or beard hair. Manual stretching of the skin can make them appear flatter if the scars are atrophic.
  • Severe atrophic or hypertrophic scars are very evident from greater distances than 50cm. It is much harder to cover these scars with makeup and beard hair and they cannot be stretched out with manual stretching.

The primary issue with acne is, however, hyperpigmentation which means there are a variety of treatments that are effective enough. These include:

RF, Laser and IPL

Laser skin resurfacing has been proven to yield excellent results. This is especially so when used in conjunction with RF (radio frequency) treatment. The laser acts as a stimulant and remodels the collagen. the scars appear smoother and more youthful after this treatment.

Chemical Peel

When it comes to acne scars it is best to use deeper acting chemical peels that have higher levels of acidity. Superficial chemical peels aren’t strong enough to penetrate the epidermis and might cause hypopigmentation of the affected acne scar area.

Microneedling (Collagen Induction Therapy)

This treatment stimulates collagen production to re-texture the skin, reduce fine lines, reduce wrinkles, reduce pigmentation and diminish a variety of superficial scars such as acne scars. Microneedling caused microscopic wounds in the skin which results in tissue re-modelling and strengthening with new cells being grown. This is a safe treatment for all types of skin and takes about 4 to 6 sessions.

PRP

Our PRP treatment yields the highest growth factor concentration which is directly proportional to the results we want to achieve. Compared to 12 leading systems, ours generates around 1.5 million platelets. The Microneedling Innopen treatment creates tiny channels that allow the PRP to penetrate deep into the acne scars. PRP stimulates the proliferation of fibroblasts and keratinocytes which creates new skin. It also breaks the abnormal fibers that contribute to uneven skin. The treatment enhances vitality by improving the blood flow.

Diamond Tip Microdermabrasion

We use state of the art medical grade Diamond Tip Microdermabrasion which exfoliates the skin and polishes it for the best and most effective results. As the dead skin cells are removed, new skin cells form and promote healing. This is a non-surgical treatment process that leaves the skin smoother, brighter and ultimately healthier.

Medication

TCA CROSS is the use of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) for the chemical reconstruction of skin scars (CROSS). It is a highly effective outpatient treatment for atrophic acne scars that is inexpensive. High concentrations of TCA is deposited in small amounts onto the surface of the scar. Ne collagen fibers are then formed due to a local inflammatory reaction. The goal of this treatment is to improve the appearance of the acne scar by increasing collagen and reducing the shadows cast over the scar’s depressions. Complete resolution is unlikely but it does encourage healing and a clearer complexion. Results are seen after the first treatment session and it gets better with continued use. It is recommended that 8 to 12 treatments are carried out for the best results.